While February will see many gardens still sound asleep for the winter, it;s also a month when southern regions begin to plant their cool weather crops and the southernmost areas start planting vegetables that need warm weather for maturation. Here’s a breakdown of what to plant in February for each region of the United States.
In Alaska, you’re still a couple of months away from planting season in February. It’s even a bit early to start sowing seeds indoors.
Start Indoors: arugula, broccoli, cabbage, kale, leeks, lettuce, mache, onions, savory, scallions, shallots, spinach, fennel, marjoram, parsley, sage and thyme.
Areas of the Gulf Coast region that get frost in February will not be suitable for planting all of these in February, but much of the region should have no problem.
Sow Outdoors: arugula, beans, beets, cantaloupe, carrots, chard, corn, cucumbers, endive, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, peppers, potatoes, sorrel, squash, sweet potatoes, tomatoes and watermelons
Start Indoors: eggplant, melons, peppers and tomatoes.
Most vegetables can be planted year round in Hawaii. Some of the best for February planting are broccoli, cabbage, cucumber, eggplant, lettuce, tomatoes and turnips.
Not all of the Mid-Atlantic will start planting outdoors in February, but some areas can start seeds early inside.
Sow Outdoors: arugula, fava beans, mache and turnips.
Start Indoors: artichoke, broccoli, cabbage, celery, chard, eggplant, endive, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, onions, peppers, radicchio, rhubarb, scallions and spinach.
February is not quite the time to start planting, even indoors, in New England. Don’t worry, you’ll have plenty of time to get many different vegetables going indoors in March and outside by April.
NORTH CENTRAL & ROCKIES
While you won’t be planting anything outside in February in the North Central & Rockies, you may get a few vegetables started early indoors.
Start Indoors: cabbage, celery, endive, leeks, lettuce, mache, onions, radicchio, scallions, spinach, chives, parsley, rosemary, sage and thyme.
In warmer parts of the Pacific Northwest, you can begin sowing peas outdoors in February. For the rest of the region, you can start lots of vegetable seeds indoors for later transplant.
Start Indoors: artichoke, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, chard, celery, endive, fennel, leeks, lettuce, onions, radicchio, scallions, shallots, spinach, marjoram, parsley, rosemary, sage and thyme.
Sow Outdoors: arugula, beets, carrots, collards, endive, fava beans, kohlrabi, lettuce, mache, peas, potatoes, radish, radicchio, sorrel, spinach, parsley, chives, dill, and turnips.
Start Indoors: broccoli, celery, chard, eggplant, endive, fennel, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, onions, peppers, radicchio, basil, marjoram, scallions and tomatoes.
Sow Outdoors: beets, bok choy, carrots, chard, collards, lettuce, peas, potatoes, radish, rhutabaga and spinach.
Sow Indoors: chard, eggplant, peppers, scallions and tomatoes.
Herbs: basil, chives, cilantro, dill, fennel and parsley.
Other February Gardening Tips
Check your frost dates for your specific area and plant accordingly. Some microclimates within each region will have earlier or later planting dates for many vegetables.
Planting times can vary by a couple of weeks from year to year as climate patterns shift.